India is a prosperous land of several species of mammals, reptiles, animals, birds and insects. Still there are many species that are on the verge of extinction. It is not a one day cause, it has been a gradual disaster done by us only.
To fulfill our several dreams and projects we have totally neglected the pros and cons side of our deeds, which resulted as number of endangered species. Increasing urbanization has ruined the habitats of these innocent creatures. Many other causes like expansion of agriculture, rapid industrialization, trade and poaching are responsible for it. Continuous forest cutting has totally disturbed the eco system, that resulted out in the form of global warming and drastic climate change. Also the illegal hunting is one of the causes of extinction of wildlife species.
But as well said by scholars – ”it’s better now than never”, the Government of India has taken certain resulting efforts towards it. Many Government bodies have established numerous wildlife sanctuaries and national parks across the country, where this precious treasure of wildlife has been conserved.
The total wildlife Conservation in India is spread over a huge area of 3.29 million sq km. There are total 571 reserves park and wildlife sanctuaries, which are undertaken by Indian Government.
Also the Government has worked a lot on several projects and programs to save the endangered species in India. Some of the most popular of them are:
Project Tiger: Project Tiger is amongst the best steps, taken by the Government of India. It is rather a conservation movement, started in 1972 to protect tigers. On account of this project numerous tiger reserves have been established in different regions to recover the number royal Bengal tigers. Till date more than 45 Project Tiger reserves have been covering an area of around 37,761 sq km.
Jim Corbett National Park, Ranthambore National Park, Tiger Reserves of India, Kaziranga National Park, Sariska Tiger Reserve, Dudhwa Tiger Reserve, Kanha National Park are some of the Tiger reserves in India.
Project Elephant: Project Elephant was started by the ‘Government of India Ministry of Environment and Forests’ in the year of 1992. The main aim behind this project is to provide financial and technical assistance to Wildlife management of states to protect and maintain the population of Asian elephants. The project has been implemented in the 13 states of India.